A Major Problem in Wrestling

Rapid loss of fluid (ie, dehydration, also known as “cutting weight”) is potentially life threatening and has been a particular problem in the sport of wrestling.


NFHS Wrestling Weight Management Program

In 1995, the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) began a weight control program to minimize the weight loss fluctuations seen in many scholastic wrestlers and to certify an appropriate and healthy weight class for each wrestler. In1998, the NFHS disallowed any means of achieving rapid weight loss.


The current program for weight certification in high school wrestling varies from state to state, but several fundamentals are applicable nationwide:

  • Body composition (while appropriately hydrated) is obtained by an appropriately trained school or health professional before the beginning of the competitive season and is the foundation for calculating weight class and allowed rates of weight loss.
  • Weight class needs to accommodate a minimum of 7% body fat for high school males and 12% body fat for high school females.
  • Rate of weight loss may not exceed 1.5% of body weight/week.

Sports Skills That You Need To Know

Sports skills are acquired in a very progressive sequence. Not every child will acquire every skill equally or at the same rate, but most youth acquire them in the same order. So give yourself and your kid a break, just like when she was learning to walk. Pour some tea and learn what exciting things are happening a mile a minute in that cute little bundle of energy you call your child.

During the first 2 years of life, many responses from your child are primarily reflex actions. Touch her cheek and she turns to find food. Touch the ball of the foot and the toes curl over. Touch his hand and his fingers grasp. Proud, beaming fathers of their firstborn son already dream of a football star. Stop there. Do not put sand in rattles to make baby dumbbells. Do not install a basketball hoop on the side of the crib. Scientific research tells us that those futile attempts will not work no matter how much you want a head start on Johnny’s 3-point shot. Natural curiosity and interaction with the environment will stimulate the growth of motor activity.

Close your eyes and think real hard—where does everything go that a baby touches? In its mouth! So be real. Little baby footballs, baseball gloves, and running shoes may be cute and color coordinated, but their effectiveness as sports equipment is lost when they become just another baby chew toy. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Council on Sports Medicine and Fitness does not recommend infant exercise programs as beneficial for development or helpful for future performance. Supervised, unstructured, and explorative activities in a safe environment are the way to go.

Once children are a few years old, however, hints of sports skill development start to take shape, and the preparation process for sports readiness begins. To be acquired successfully, sports skills involve a complex interaction between movement, sight, and thought. None of these by themselves are completely helpful without the others.

Motor skills (movement) require the right visual processing to allow the correct movement response. These skills also require appropriate brain processing and thought patterns so the response will be meaningful and effective.

Fitness Dially

Some school-aged children can’t wait to get home from school, stake out a place on the couch, and spend the rest of the afternoon and evening watching TV. Physical activity is just not on their radar screens, at least not by choice.

Stopping the Slippery Slope of Childhood Obesity:

Not surprisingly, children who fit this profile may be on a slippery slope to a life of obesity. There are a lot of them. Several years ago, when a group of children 6 to 12 years old participated in programs of the President’s Council on Physical Fitness, only 50% of girls and 64% of boys could walk or run a mile in less than 10 minutes. If that same study were conducted today, when the obesity epidemic seems to be gaining momentum, those statistics might be even more troubling.

Making Exercise Into a Lifelong Habit:

During your child’s school-age years, your goal should be not only to get your child moving, but to turn exercise into a lifelong habit. There are plenty of opportunities for your child to keep active.

Getting Involved in Organized Sports:

In most communities, children in this age group can choose to get involved in a number of organized sports, including:

  • Little League
  • Youth soccer
  • A martial arts class
  • Community basketball
  • Hockey
  • Football leagues

Team sports are fun and the perfect fit for many children, and they can help them manage their weight.

But, Sports Aren’t For Everyone…

However, group activities like these aren’t for everyone. Some obese children feel self-conscious about participating in team sports and are much more comfortable getting their exercise in unstructured settings. For them, free play on the playground, ice skating, in-line skating, bowling, or even running through sprinklers is good exercise.

Let your child choose something that he finds enjoyable, and once he discovers it, encourage him to make it a regular part of life. At the same time, limit TV watching or time spent on the computer or playing video games to no more than 1 to 2 hours a day. Studies have shown that the more time children devote to watching TV, the more likely they are to consume foods like pizza, salty snacks, and soda that contribute to weight gain.

If Your Child Insists He Doesn’t Want to Do Any Physical Activity:

Explain that it’s important and might even be fun to find a new activity. Try to find activities that fit the family’s budget and time commitments and have him choose among several alternatives.

Fruit Machine Games Strategies

Nowadays online game, especially spots or as they are generally known as in the UK “fruit machines”, is a rather well-known leisure activity. Nowadays, spots make 70% of on the online game’s income globally. Therefore, it is apparent that people really like enjoying tires of a lot of cash. As a result, more and more gaming application creating services appear these times. The most well-known is Bonusprezzy.com. Besides, more and more kinds of slots appear to keep gamers inspired.

When it comes to spots wide range, the following kinds should be mentioned: old educational institutions fruits devices or as they are generally known as one arm bandits, five-reel activities, spots with several affiliate payouts and video port device activity activities. It is clear that every type of spots needs its own guidelines, enjoying and successful guidelines. But, still, there are some common guidelines and suggestions, the most significant of which will be described below. So, please, have a nearer look.

How to Win: Tips and Recommendations

Understand the guidelines for the particular activity before starting out. For example, when you know exactly how it works, a fruits device emptier can become an awesome choice to vacant a land- based rim of a lot of cash by playing in a a way that it will pay out all it functions in the payment hopper/payout tubes! As a point, in fact, this may become possible because of the application or design mistake.

Perform only when you are sensation fortunate. Indeed, you have to be sure that today is your fortunate day before beginning enjoying for real cash.

Know when to stop. If you are dropping, it is better to take a small crack and come back within a while.

Keep in mind that only practicing to achieve perfection. So, if you want to win cash, you are strongly suggested training in a free method first.

always keep your sight on the show and never play more than one activity simultaneously. You should focus on what you are seeing and doing.

How to Perform Reward

If you love enjoying online games on the internet then you should check out reward deuces crazy. Bonus deuces crazy is an edition of attracting online poker and is simple to understand. Here is a quick explanation of the guidelines and how to win.

When enjoying the help of reward deuces crazy you get five bank cards from the card supplier. You then have to decide which bank cards to keep and which to eliminate. You have the choice to eliminate up to five bank cards. Bonus deuces crazy is performed with a single outdoor patio and reshuffled after each side. Any side is complete side if you have a 3 of a type or better. You also win with a directly, cleanse, full house, 4 of a type, and directly cleanse. You will also get a greater payment if you have 5 of a type, crazy elegant, 4 deuces, 4 deuces with an ace. Something to keep in mind when enjoying reward deuces crazy is that 2’s are crazy and can give you complete side.

Choose a bike for your sport

Biking is a fun way for children of all ages to get active and stay fit. Most children learn to ride a tricycle at around 3 years of age. Between 4 and 7 years of age most children learn to ride a bike. However, remember that each child is different and will learn to ride a bike at his or her own pace.

Biking can be an athlete’s primary sport, as well as a way for athletes to cross-train and avoid overuse injuries. Injured athletes often use biking to stay in shape during rehabilitation before returning to their sport.

While not all injuries can be prevented, the risk of injuries can be reduced. The following is information from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) about how to choose a bike and prevent biking injuries. Also included is an overview of common biking injuries.


How to choose a bike

Parents should choose a bike that allows the child to sit on the seat and touch both feet on the ground. Also, while standing there should only be a few inches between the top center bar of the bike and the child’s inner groin or crotch area. Tricycles allow a child to practice steering and pedaling. Bicycles with training wheels or bikes with no pedals can help with balance when learning to ride. Avoid purchasing a larger bike for the child to “grow into.”


Injury prevention and safety tips

  • Equipment. Safety gear should fit properly and be well maintained.
    • Helmets. Everyone riding a tricycle or bike should wear a helmet. Helmets are the most important protective gear for bikers. Parents should set a good example by always wearing their helmets too. Helmets should fit appropriately, and the straps should be fastened. Helmets should meet the standards set by the Consumer Product Safety Commission.
    • Clothing. When biking, children should wear bright-colored clothing so they are easily seen by other bikers, walkers, and drivers. Pant cuffs should be tight to avoid getting caught in the wheels or chain.
    • Shoes. Sturdy, closed-toed shoes should be worn to protect the toes. Shoelaces should be tied securely.
    • Pads (knee, elbow, and wrist pads) are useful, particularly for beginners or trick riders.
    • Reflectors should not be removed from children’s bikes.
  • Environment. When a child is learning to ride a bike, the area should be free of traffic and distractions. Parents should also choose areas without gravel, loose sand, or puddles. Learning to ride on a softer surface like grass will lower the risk of an injury from falls. It is always best to stay on a designated bike path. Children should not bike in the dark or twilight hours because it can be difficult for them to see or be seen.
  • Rules. Bikers should follow the rules of the road at all times, including:
    • When crossing roads, get off the bike and walk across the road.
    • Observe stop signs.
    • Ride with traffic and stay as far to the right as allowed when riding on the road.
    • Do not wear headphones, text, or talk on a cell phone while biking.

Dance Train

Dance is an artistic, athletic, expressive, and social form of physical activity that appeals to a wide variety of individuals. The physical aspects of dance can be both a valuable source of exercise as well as a cause of injury. For young people who take dance classes, have formal training in dance, or perform as dancers, they typically do so in one of the following dance disciplines: ballet, jazz, modern, tap, hip hop, Irish, or lyrical.

There are many forms of dance that have unique physical demands and specific injury risks. There are also some physical demands that are common to a wide variety of dance forms. For example, many types of dance involve jumping, turning, toe pointing, back arching, and lifting. These activities can produce tendinosis, stress fractures, ankle sprains, ankle impingement, or low back pain.

The following is information from the American Academy of Pediatrics about common ballet and dance injuries and their symptoms. Also included are 3 common questions from dancers.

A: En pointe refers to performing dance steps on the tips of the toes. This technique is used only by female dancers. Trying pointe work too soon can lead to risk of sprains, fractures, and growth plate injuries. Most experts believe that a dancer is ready to try pointe work when the following criteria are met:

  • Age range 9 to 15 years; 12 is average (assuming other criteria below are met)
  • Three or more years of classical ballet training; 2 or more classes/week of preprofessional training (Instructors who have trained professional dancers can usually determine when a dancer has the necessary experience, technical skill, and strength to go en pointe.)
  • Sufficient bony maturation
  • Adequate strength in arch, ankle, leg, hips, trunk muscles
  • Adequate balance and control
  • Adequate supervision and training, including carefully graded skill progressions and monitoring

Child to quit a team

Sometimes a child’s interest in a sport will fade. Or her participation may become a negative experience, perhaps because of a volatile coach, frustration in not playing as much as she would like, or a mis­match between her own physical size and that of the players against whom she competes.

In cases like this, find out the exact reasons why your child wants to quit. Listen to her and discuss her concerns. Working together, decide on the best course of action. Although it may not be wise for your child to make a habit of avoiding difficult situations, dropping out of a program may be the most sensible option in some in­stances.


If my child is having trouble keeping her grades up, should she still be permitted to participate in sports?

In most cases, the answer is yes. All children need physical activity as part of their day. Without this physical outlet, many have diffi­culty concentrating on their academic work. If practices and other sports-related demands are excessive, however, talk to the coach about your child’s need to devote adequate time to studies.

There is another important factor to consider: Sometimes, children who have difficulty with schoolwork can use a boost in self-esteem, which sports often can provide. As they feel a sense of accomplishment in athletics, this renewed self-confidence can often carry over to other areas of their life, including academics.


My child is finding her sports participation too stressful. How can I alleviate her anxiety?

Sports can be stressful, but so can other childhood activities, such as school exams and band solos. However, you should try to mini­mize the stress in your child’s athletic endeavors in the following ways:

  • Emphasize that sports participation is fun; do not let a “win at all cost” attitude interfere with your child’s enjoyment of the game.
  • Let your youngster know that she is not being judged by her success (or lack of it) on the athletic field. When she strikes out or misses a free throw, be supportive and praise her for trying her best.
  • Help your child improve her athletic skills, which will reduce her stress levels during competition; if necessary, ask for some outside instruction from a cooperative coach.

Get more fit with health body

Any type of regular, physical activity can improve your fitness and your health. The most important thing is that you keep moving!

Exercise should be a regular part of your day, like brushing your teeth, eating, and sleeping. It can be in gym class, joining a sports team, or working out on your own. Keep the following tips in mind:

  • Stay positive and have fun. A good mental attitude is important. Find an activity that you think is fun. You are more likely to keep with it if you choose something you like. A lot of people find it’s more fun to exercise with someone else, so see if you can find a friend or family member to be active with you.
  • Take it one step at a time. Small changes can add up to better fitness. For example, walk or ride your bike to school or to a friend’s house instead of getting a ride. Get on or off the bus several blocks away and walk the rest of the way. Use the stairs instead of taking the elevator or escalator.
  • Get your heart pumping. Whatever you choose, make sure it includes aerobic activity that makes you breathe harder and increases your heart rate. This is the best type of exercise because it increases your fitness level and makes your heart and lungs work better. It also burns off body fat. Examples of aerobic activities are basketball, running, or swimming.
  • Don’t forget to warm up with some easy exercises or mild stretching before you do any physical activity. This warms your muscles up and may help protect against injury. Stretching makes your muscles and joints more flexible too. It is also important to stretch out after you exercise to cool down your muscles.

Your goal should be to do some type of exercise every day. It is best to do some kind of aerobic activity without stopping for at least 20 to 30 minutes each time. Do the activity as often as possible, but don’t exercise to the point of pain.

Obstacles to Physical Activity

There are many benefits of regular physical activity; however, people often have many excuses for not being more physically active. The following is information from the American Academy of Pediatrics encouraging families to consider all the benefits of being physically active and how to overcome some obstacles. Each family member can take a step toward becoming more physically active by filling out the physical activity plan.

Benefits of being physically active

Being physically active is one way you can

  • Have fun—this is important!
  • Spend time with friends.
  • Improve your body image.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Increase energy levels.
  • Improve your self-image.
  • Feel stronger.
  • Increase your endurance for sport or hobbies.
  • Get muscles or definition.
  • Decrease stress.


Overcoming common obstacles

The following are suggestions on how to overcome 4 common barriers to physical activity.

1. “I don’t have time.”

What you can try

  • Build activity into your day: walk or ride your bike for transportation.
  • Get off the bus a stop early and walk the rest of the way.
  • Take the stairs whenever possible.
  • Plan fun, “active” activities with friends and family.
  • Sign up for physical education at your school.
  • Walk around the mall twice before you start shopping.

2. “I don’t like sports” or “I’m not good at any sports.”

What you can try

  • Consider active hobbies, like gardening. You don’t have to play a sport to be active.
  • Choose an activity that you enjoy. Dancing, bicycling, and swimming are fun choices. And walking counts too.
  • Consider volunteer work, like helping at a youth center or serving meals at a shelter.
  • Find a friend, sibling, or other family member to be an “activity buddy” and schedule a fun activity 2 to 3 times a week.

3. “My neighborhood isn’t safe.”

What you can try

  • Use a workout video or DVD in your home.
  • Dance in your home to your favorite music.
  • Find a YMCA, Boys and Girls Club, or community recreation center in your neighborhood.
  • Sign up for school activities such as physical education or after-school programs.

Composition and Flexibility

These 2 areas help remind us that children are different from adults and each other. It may seem ridiculous to speak about body composition and flexibility in kids because we all know they are mostly made of Play-Doh. However, it is important to discuss the general changes in body tissues that occur during growth and the various effects these changes have on exercise and sports participation.

Girls and boys can play together until about the third grade. After this point, it is a good idea to start the transition of separating boys and girls in contact-type sports. This gives plenty of time for puberty to start and not have a 4’2″, 70-pound boy playing against a 5’9″, 130-pound girl. Remember, the average ages that puberty begins is much different for girls and boys. Even from early childhood, girls in general have more body fat than boys. That is just the way the cards are dealt. Differences in body fat stay throughout childhood and then increase in girls once they hit puberty. Boys have a more dramatic change in body composition because new levels of testosterone from puberty start to add muscle mass. Kids who are already overweight tend to remain overweight into adolescence and adulthood.

The changes in body composition are important because they may have an effect on sports participation and performance, especially in sports in which center of gravity and weight are important like gymnastics, diving, figure skating, and wrestling. Puberty is a time of multiple adjustments that can have an effect on your child’s participation in sports. Understanding the reality of the physical and chemical changes of puberty can enable you to support your active child during and through that period of development.

Children are also more flexible than adults. Who do you think was the model for Gumby? It had to be a child. But as usual, many good things must come to an end or just slow down. During the rapid growth of puberty, kids often become temporarily less flexible than they were prior to puberty. Let me paint a visual for you here.

Some children have a slow growth spurt, while others grow so fast they need a speeding ticket. Essentially, their bones are growing more quickly than their muscles and tendons can stretch to keep up. Most boys get more muscles and lose some body fat, but often lose flexibility.